What are the advantages of air freight?
- Time – transporting goods with air freight saves time – it’s much faster than shipping, rail or road transport
- Reliable – flights generally have reliable arrival and departure times with very few delays, so the shipment of cargo by air is very likely to arrive on time
- Low insurance premium – due to the shipment duration being so short, insurance premiums on air freight are generally lower
- Secure – the shipment of cargo by air is tightly managed by security, so the chance of cargo being stolen or damaged is low
- Less warehousing requirements – the clearance time for air freight is fast, and there’s generally less stock to unload than that for cargo ships, so customs clearance is fast, and the need for local warehousing is much lower
Types of Air Cargo
There are two types of air cargo – general and special cargo.
General cargo includes high value goods, such as electronics, jewellery and pharmaceuticals. Air shipping is more expensive than shipping by sea, but due to the high margins and the fact that many electronic goods are fragile, air freight is the most appropriate form of transport.
Special cargo requires special conditions for transporting goods, such as temperature control, certain air conditions or protected casing (e.g. if the goods are hazardous or livestock).